Inversive geometry is a way of studying the geometry of circles by transformational geometry. In addition to being interesting in its own right, it will provide the tools for our later study of nonEuclidean geometry.
Each of the 3 books* associated with the course has a lot of information about inversive geometry. It is a great resource, but also a possible source of confusion, that the approach of each book is different. The books differ in their ordering of topics and their choice of geometrical tools. In the end, they all get to about the same place, but this embarrassment of riches may make it more challenging to organize the material in your mind at the initial stages. Thus, in this part of the course, we will follow a quite structured path through the subject.
Reading Guide: (Note: Inversion and radical axis are also defined in Birkhoff &Beatley.)
Topic 
Book pages 

Sved 
Ogilvy 
GTC 

Definition of inversion 
2933 
2426 
158 
Constructions of Inversion 
31 
2729 
159164 
Harmonic Ratio 
1317 

Power of a Point 
1315 
812 

Orthogonal Circles 
1920 
147152 

Radical Axis 
1618 
23 
162163 
Pencils of circles 
1923 
1823 
153156 
Images under inversion 
3442 
3141 
177201 
Topic: Power of a point
Learn definition. Review circle theorems that prove power can be computed from secants. Learn relationship with orthogonal circle radii.
Topic: Radical axis
Learn definition of radical axis of two circles. Use the radical axis in constructing orthogonal circles.
Topic: Orthogonal Circles, with connection to Power of a point
Power of a point gives radius of orthogonal circle. Point on radical axis of two circles is the center of a circle orthogonal to both (if the point is exterior to the circles).
Topic: Radical axis
Prove the radical axis is a line using coordinate equations.
Topic: Inversion of a Point in a Circle
Learn definition of inversion. Circles through P and P' = inversion of P are orthogonal to mirror circle (except when P is on c and so P = P').
Topic: Orthogonal Circles, with connection to Power of a point and Inversion
Power of a point gives radius of orthogonal circle. Circles through P and inversion of P are orthogonal to mirror circle.
Topic: Constructions of Inversion of a Point in a Circle
Learn constructions for inversion.
Topic: Construction of orthogonal circles
Construct orthogonal circles using inversion. Construct orthogonal circles using radical axes.
Topic: Images under inversion
Learn proofs that images of lines and circles are either circles or lines. State invariance of angle under inversion.
Topic: Solving geometry problems by inversion
Problem: Given 3 circles through a point A with the other ponts of intersection of pairs of circles at points B, C, D. Then the arcs of the circles define a sort of triangle BCD or arcs. What is the angle sum?
Answer: Invert the figure in a circle with center A. The figure becomes an ordinary triangle. Since angles are preserved, the angle sum is 180 degrees.
Topic: The Inversive Plane
The inversive plane is an ordinary Euclidean plane with one point added at infinity. The "circles" or icircles or inversive circles are of two kinds (a) a Euclidean circle or (b) a Euclidean line with the point at infinity added. Using this concept, the inversion of an icircle in an icircle is an icircle.
Topic: Connection with Stereographic Projection
The ordinary Euclidean plane can be mapped to a sphere minus the "north pole" N by (inverse) stereographic projection. Also, the the circles on the plane are mapped to circles on the sphere (not through N) and the lines in the plane are mapped to circles through N. Thus if we define the stereographic projection of the point at infinity to be N, then the each icircle is mapped to an ordinary circle on the sphere. Thus the inversive plane can be modeled by the points on the sphere with the icircles being ordinary circles on the sphere.
Topic: Pencils of Circles
Define 3 kinds of pencils and their images under inversion.